ABC Ginkgo Adulteration Report

Adulteration of Ginkgo biloba Leaf Extract

By Stefan Gafner, PhD*American Botanical Council, 6200 Manor Road,Austin, TX 78723*Corresponding author: email

Keywords: adulterant, adulteration, Ginkgo biloba,ginkgo leaf extract, Japanese pagoda tree, Japanesesophora, kaempferol, quercetin, rutin, Sophora japonica,Styphnolobium japonicum

Goal: The goal of this bulletin is to provide timely informationand/or updates on issues of adulteration of ginkgo(Ginkgo biloba) leaf and ginkgo leaf extracts to the internationalherbal industry and extended natural productscommunity in general. It is intended to give a brief overviewon the occurrence of adulteration, known adulterantsand analytical means to detect them, the market situation,and consequences for the consumer and the industry.

[1] 2018 ABC.